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Image by James Pond



The 1945 Constitution then set forth the Pancasila, the five nationalist principles devised by Sukarno, as the embodiment of basic principles of an independent Indonesian state. It provides for a limited separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers.

Whereas freedom is the inalienable right of all nations, colonialism must beabolished in this world not in conformity with humanity and justice ;

And the moment of rejoicinghas arrived in the struggle of the Indonesian freedom movement to guil the people safelyand well to the threshold of the independence of the state of Indonesia which shall de united,sovereign, just and prosperous ;

By the grace of God Almighty and impelled by the noble desireto live a tree national life, the peopleer Indonesia hereby declare their independence. 

Subsequentthereto, to form a government of the state of Indoneuia which shall protect all the people ofIndonesia and their entire native land, and in order to improve the public wellare, to advance theintellectral life of the people and to contribute to the establishment of a world order based onfreedom, abidino e and social justice, the national indeperdence of Indonesia shall be formulatedinto a constitution of the sovereign Republic of Indonesia which is based on the belief in the Oneand Only God, just and humanit the unity of Indonesia, democracy guided by the inner wisdom ofdeliberations amongst representatives and the nalization of social justice for all of the people of Indonesia. 

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